| [Purposes] Scientific papers published at home and abroad by Chinese researchers are analyzed to provide decision-making support for management personnel at all levels. [Methods] Based on important databases, such as Science Citation Index (SCI), Ei Compendex, Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science, Scopus, Medline, Social Science Citation Index, and Chinese Scientific and Technical Papers and Citations Database developed by Institute of Scicentific and Technical Information of China in 1987, the number of Chinese scientific papers, discipline and region distribution, papers of fund projects, international coauthored papers, excellent papers, and Chinese social science papers were studied and analyzed. [Findings] According to SCI, Chinese authors have produced about 324.2 thousand papers indexed by SCI in 2016, ranking the second in 8 consecutive years only to the United States. Chinese papers were cited 19.35 million times from 2007 to October 2017, increasing 29.9% compared with that in 2016. China ranked the second, two position higher than that in 2016. On average, Chinse papers were cited 9.4 times per paper, increased by 9.9% compared with that in 2016, but lower than 11.8 times per paper, the average rate in the world. [Conclusions] Although the number of Chinese scientific papers has increased rapidly in recent years, so as to the improvement of papers’ impact, the average citation-per-paper rate is still far behind the world average.