文章摘要
中国科技论文统计与分析课题组. 2016年中国科技论文统计与分析简报. 中国科技期刊研究, 2018, 29(1): 59-68
2016年中国科技论文统计与分析简报
A brief report on statistics and analysis of Chinese scientific papers in 2016
投稿时间:2017-12-18  修订日期:2017-12-18
DOI:10.11946/cjstp.201712181046
中文关键词: 科技论文  国际合作  引文统计  交叉领域
英文关键词: Scientific paper  International cooperation  Citation statistics  Multidisciplinary field
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作者单位E-mail
中国科技论文统计与分析课题组 中国科学技术信息研究所北京市复兴路15号 100038 wanghaiyan@istic.ac.cn 
中文摘要:
      【目的】了解中国科技人员在国内外发表论文情况,为各级管理部门提供决策依据。【方法】采用国际权威检索数据库《科学引文索引》《工程索引》《科技会议录引文索引》、Scopus数据库、《医学索引》《社会科学引文索引》以及中国科技论文与引文数据库的数据,对中国科技论文数量、学科和地区分布、基金项目论文、国际合著论文、中国卓越科技论文和社会科学论文情况进行统计分析。【结果】根据《科学引文索引》数据,2016年中国作者共计发表32.42万篇论文,连续第8年位居世界第2,仅次于美国;2007—2017年(截至2017年10月),中国论文的总被引频次为1935.00万次,与2016年统计时相比,增加了29.9%,位居世界第2,比2016年上升2位;中国平均每篇论文被引用9.40次,比2016年统计时提高了9.9%,但是仍低于世界平均值11.80次/篇。【结论】近年来,中国科技论文数量迅速增长,论文的影响力的提升速度也相对较快,但篇均被引频次与世界平均值相比还有较大差距。
英文摘要:
      [Purposes] Scientific papers published at home and abroad by Chinese researchers are analyzed to provide decision-making support for management personnel at all levels. [Methods] Based on important databases, such as Science Citation Index (SCI), Ei Compendex, Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science, Scopus, Medline, Social Science Citation Index, and Chinese Scientific and Technical Papers and Citations Database developed by Institute of Scicentific and Technical Information of China in 1987, the number of Chinese scientific papers, discipline and region distribution, papers of fund projects, international coauthored papers, excellent papers, and Chinese social science papers were studied and analyzed. [Findings] According to SCI, Chinese authors have produced about 324.2 thousand papers indexed by SCI in 2016, ranking the second in 8 consecutive years only to the United States. Chinese papers were cited 19.35 million times from 2007 to October 2017, increasing 29.9% compared with that in 2016. China ranked the second, two position higher than that in 2016. On average, Chinse papers were cited 9.4 times per paper, increased by 9.9% compared with that in 2016, but lower than 11.8 times per paper, the average rate in the world. [Conclusions] Although the number of Chinese scientific papers has increased rapidly in recent years, so as to the improvement of papers’ impact, the average citation-per-paper rate is still far behind the world average.
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